A new species of Amazonian fish has been named after Sauron from The Lord of the Rings

15.06.2024/05/30 XNUMX:XNUMX    7

A new species of Amazonian fish, which are also vegetarian relatives of piranhas, was named after Sauron, the villain from JRR Tolkien's Lord of the Rings trilogy. The Myloplus sauron fish got its name because of its characteristic coloration with a narrow black "pupil" stripe on the side, which reminded Brazilian scientists of the Eye of Sauron. About the discovery of this species reported in the magazine Neotropical Ichthyology.

Female Myloplus sauron with a pronounced vertical stripe-"pupil". Machado et al. / Neotropical Ichthyology

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What else is known about the Sauron fish?

Myloplus sauron is characterized by sexual dimorphism, that is, females and males have different appearances. Fish of both sexes have silvery-white scales with orange and yellow spots and fins of the same color, but the vertical stripe, which led scientists to the name of this species, is more pronounced in mature females than in males.

Along with Myloplus sauron, scientists have described two other species of piranha-like fish related to it from the basin of the Xingu River, which is a tributary of the Amazon. The new discovery sheds light on the fish diversity of the Amazon, while a significant number of native fish species remain undiscovered and undescribed.

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