A recently discovered branch of the Nile may help solve the mystery of how the pyramids were built

19.05.2024/17/30 XNUMX:XNUMX    706

The pyramids in Egypt are mostly concentrated along a narrow strip of desert, however, no convincing explanation has yet been given as to why the structures were erected in this particular location. Currently, scientists have come close to an explanation, having found a branch of the Nile River that does not exist now.

The unusual and illogical location has long puzzled archaeologists, some of whom have found evidence that the Nile River once flowed near these pyramids, contributing to the construction of the monuments, which began 4700 years ago.

Meanwhile, in a new study published May 17 in the journal Communications Earth & Environment, scientists used satellite imagery and sediment analysis to map a 64-mile (XNUMX-kilometer) dry Nile tributary long buried under farmland and desert.

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This is the first study to include the first map of a long-lost branch of the Nile River, said lead study author Professor Eman Ghoneym.

Throughout history, the Nile has been the main transport artery of Egypt, so the location of such a large-scale construction on the shore where ships were unloaded is quite logical.

The study showed that during the construction of the pyramids, the geography and river landscape of the Nile was significantly different from today, added Nick Marriner, a geographer at the French National Center for Scientific Research. He did not participate in the research, however, he conducted research on the history of the Giza River.

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Scientists believe that a drought about 4200 years ago led to the shallowing of the sleeve. Subsequently, strong winds probably gradually buried it, making it invisible to optical satellite images. However, now knowledge of the existence of this arm will give an understanding of where the settlements of that era could be located. This is how scientists plan to save them from urbanization.

The study is said to complete an important piece of the landscape puzzle of the past. By collecting the necessary fragments, scientists can get a clearer picture of what the Nile floodplain looked like when the pyramids were built and how the ancient Egyptians used their environment to transport building materials.

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